The first land battle of the Civil War was fought at Philippi on June 3, 1861.
Official Reports from the Battle of Philippi
"Battle at Philippi"
"The Beginning - Philippi, 1861"
"Battle of Philippi Recounted"
"A Desperate Operation: The First Surgical Instrument of The Civil War Was a Hand Saw"
Sources on J. E. Hanger
Richmond newspaper articles on the battle
On This Day in West Virginia History: June