On This Day
in West Virginia History...


July 1
On July 1, 1897, Edward S. Shue was convicted for murdering his wife, Heaster Shue.

On July 1, 1914, prohibition took effect in West Virginia.

On July 1, 1942, 21 soldiers were killed when a transport plane crashed near Premier in McDowell County.

July 2
On July 2, 1949, the Ritchie County community of Mole Hill changed its name to Mountain.

July 3
Albert Blakeslee White, who served as governor of West Virginia from 1901 to 1905, died in Parkersburg on July 3, 1941.

July 4
Droop Mountain Battlefield State Park was dedicated on July 4, 1928.

July 5
The first Father's Day observance was held at Williams Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church South in Fairmont on July 5, 1908.

July 6
On July 6, 1788, Bishop Francis Asbury preached to a large congregation at Rehoboth Church in present-day Monroe County.

July 7
The Madonna of the Trails monument at Wheeling Park, the second of 12 nearly identical monuments erected across the United States by the DAR to honor women pioneers of the westward movement, was unveiled on July 7, 1928.

July 8
On July 8, 1886, the West Virginia Bar Association was organized in Grafton.

July 9
On July 9, 1942, an explosion at the Pursglove #2 mine in Monongalia County killed twenty coal miners.

July 10
On July 10, 1961, Mildred Gillars, better known as "Axis Sally," was released from prison after serving eleven years at the Federal Reformatory for Women in Alderson. She was convicted of treason for broadcasting Nazi propaganda during World War II.

July 11
On July 11, 1861, Union troops under Brigadier General William S. Rosecrans defeated a Confederate force at the Battle of Rich Mountain.

July 12
On July 12, 1749, the Executive Council of Virginia gave the Loyal Company permission to "take up and survey" 800,000 acres of land in western Virginia.

July 13
Former congressman Cleveland Monroe Bailey died on July 13, 1965.

July 14
On July 14, 1862, the United States senate approved statehood for West Virginia by a vote of 23-17.

July 15
Native Americans led by Cornstalk launched an attack on settlers in the Greenbrier Valley on July 15, 1763.

July 16
B&O Railroad workers began a labor strike in Martinsburg on July 16, 1877.

July 17
On July 17, 1922, striking miners launched an attack on the Brooke County community of Cliftonville.

July 18
On July 18, 1865, Samuel I. Cabell was murdered in Kanawha County.

July 19
On July 19, 1863, a Confederate cavalry force under General John Hunt Morgan was attacked by Union forces while attempting to cross the Ohio River at the Battle of Buffington Island.

July 20
On July 20, 1874, the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia set aside the murder conviction of Taylor Strauder and sent the case back to Ohio County for further action.

July 21
The West Virginia Reform School at Pruntytown opened on July 21, 1890.

July 22
On July 22, 1930, the infamous Dunglen Hotel in Thurmond, was destroyed by fire.

July 23
On July 23, 1966, an explosion at the New River Company's Siltix mine near Mount Hope killed seven coal miners.

July 24
On July 24, 1926, a bridge at Whitesville in Boone County collapsed, killing six and wounding dozens.

July 25
On July 25, 1960, Governor Cecil Underwood addressed the Republican National Convention in Chicago.

July 26
West Virginia's first state gasoline tax took effect on July 26, 1923.

July 27
On July 27, 1897, a conference of leaders from various trade unions met in Wheeling to support striking coal miners.

July 28
On July 28, 1927, the Potomac Valley Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, purchased Fort Ashby.

July 29
The first county 4-H camp in the United States was held at Camp Good Luck in Randolph County, July 29-31, 1915.

July 30
Noted frontiersman Samuel McCulloch was killed by Native Americans on July 30, 1782.

July 31
WHIS-TV in Bluefield debuted on July 31, 1955.

On This Day in West Virginia History