John Brown


Photograph, Aaron Dwight Stevens, John Brown’s third in command at Harpers Ferry, was the only raider with prior military service. He was in the army during the Mexican War and enlisted again in 1851, serving until he was court-martialed in 1855. Escaping, he joined the Free State cause in Kansas under the alias of Charles Whipple. Stevens was wounded and captured during the raid and was hanged March 16, 1860. Boyd B. Stutler Collection



John Brown

West Virginia Archives and History