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American Indians
in the U.S. Census
for West Virginia
(1860-1990)

All information based on compendiums of the U.S. Census, 1860- 1990
Year 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Total 18 1 29 9 12 36 7 18 25 160 181 751 1,555 2,458

1860 was the first year the U.S. Census Bureau counted American Indians as a distinct group. It is probable that many Indians were identified as white, mulatto, or black, particularly in the early census years.

Since West Virginia was not formed from Virginia until 1863, the 1860 census figures are based on those counties which later comprised the state of West Virginia.


History of Native Americans in West Virginia

West Virginia History CenterWest Virginia History Center

West Virginia Archives and History