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Sources Consulted


“Boston Combusts: The Fugitive Slave Case of Anthony Burns.” http://www.historynet.com/boston-combusts-the-fugitive-slave-case-of-anthony-burns.html (accessed April 10, 2009).

Douglass, Frederick. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, written by himself. Hartford, CT: Park Publishing Co., 1882.

Du Bois, W. E. Burghardt. John Brown. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs & Company, 1909.

Finkelman, Paul. ed. His Soul Goes Marching On: Responses to John Brown and the Harpers Ferry Raid. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists Triumphant, 1854-1861. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Johnson, Mary. “An ‘ever present bone of contention’” The Heyward Shepherd Memorial.” West Virginia History 56 (1997).

"Map of UGRR Routes in NYS." http://www.nyhistory.com/ugrr/map.htm (accessed April 9, 2009).

McKivigan, John R. “His Soul Goes Marching On: The Story of John Brown’s Followers after the Harpers Ferry Raid,” in John R. McKivigan and Stanley Harrold, eds. Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1999.

McKivigan, John R. and Madeleine Leveille. “The ‘Black Dream’ of Gerrit Smith, New York Abolitionist. Syracuse University Library Associates Courier, 20: 2 (Fall 1985). http://www/nyhistory.com/gerritsmith/dream.htm (accessed April 24, 2009).

Moyer, Teresa S. and Paul A. Shackel. The Making of Harpers Ferry National Historical Park: A Devil, Two Rivers, and a Dream. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2008.

Oates, Stephen B. To Purge This Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1970.

Phillips, William. The Conquest of Kansas by Missouri and Her Allies. Boston: Phillips, Sampson and Company, 1856.

Quarles, Benjamin. Allies for Freedom: Blacks and John Brown. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Redpath, James. The Public Life of Capt. John Brown. Sandusky, OH: Kinney Brothers, 1872.

Reynolds, David S. John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Sanborn, F. B. ed. Life and Letters of John Brown, Liberator of Kansas, and Martyr of Virginia. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1885.

Villard, Oswald Garrison. John Brown, 1800-1859: A Biography Fifty Years After. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1910.

Wilson, Hill Peebles. John Brown, Soldier of Fortune: A Critique. Lawrence, KS: Hill P. Wilson, 1913.


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