State Papers and Public Addresses, Homer Adams Holt
APRIL 26, 1937
Mr. McCullough, Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
It is fitting and proper that this preserved space on the site of West Virginia's Capitol Building where first permanently established in Charleston should be selected to receive the State's first historical marker.
It is but a short distance from this point to the present magnificent structure that houses the divisions of the State government, but there is broad space for comparison be[t]ween the new capitol and the building wherein worked those comparatively early statesmen.
This, too, is as it should be. West Virginia has grown and progressed to a place of prominence in the sisterhood of states. Its industries have become an important factor in supplying the needs of the nation and of the world.
New industries have sprung up in all sections of the State, and the old industries have grown with amazing rapidity. The increase in manufacturing alone—particularly in this Great Kanawha Valley—is something that never fails to bring comment from visitors to the State.
I have no figures for the manufacturing in 1885, but the census of five years later—1890—shows only 20,329 persons employed in West Virginia industry, exclusive of mining and farming. Most of these were in manufacturing and lumber.
In 1936, according to the State Department of Labor, this figure had risen to 180,383.
In 1885, the mines of West Virginia produced only 3,367,062 tons of coal. In 1936, West Virginia stood as the leading bituminous coal producting [sic] state in the nation with an output of 117,607,452 tons.
Those early mines employed but few of our citizens. There are no figures for 1885, but in 1900, at the beginning of the present century, the total employed in our coal mines was only 28,017 men. The 1936 total was 111,408.
Farming was the principal industry of early West Virginia, but, has not failed to make gains with our industries. It is, I believe, quite safe to say that the records for the time of the capitol's establishment on this site would show farm development far below that of 1900. In 1900, there were 92,874 farms in West Virginia, averaging 114.7 acres. In 1935, the number of farms had increased to 104,747, but the average size had dropped to 90 acres. This is a definite decrease in acreage, but farm labor was paid only $2,041,560 in 1899, according to the census for 1900, compared with $5,012,000 in 1929 according to our last census—that of 1930.
The value of West Virginia farm products advanced from $44,768,979 at the end of the last century to $60,500,000 in 1935.
Therefore, it was plainly inevitable that West Virginia should advance in every way. We are proud of our new capitol building, but we also are proud of the years and the events that gave our State the wealth that made it possible.
Mr. McCullough, I accept this fine marker as a memorial to what we had and a reminder of what we have. I look to the future for even greater development in our rapidly growing State. I thank you and the Works Progress Administration for the work that has been done here.
Mr. Simpson, yours is the task of caring for much of our material wealth—principally our highways. Into your care I now entrust this marker for the Stare of West Virginia.
Monuments and Memorials