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Timeline of West Virginia: Civil War and Statehood
January 1862


January 1
Confederate troops under Stonewall Jackson marched from Winchester toward Berkeley Springs.

January 2
Confederate troops at Camp Allegheny were ordered to their trenches after lights were spotted at Camp Bartow.

January 3
A Union force under Colonel George Webster captured Huntersville and destroyed large quantities of Confederate supplies.

Union troops withdrew from Berkeley Springs, Sir Johns Run, and Great Cacapon.

January 4
Eight thousand Confederates began a three-day occupation of Berkeley Springs, Sir Johns Run, Alpine and Great Cacapon.

January 5
A detachment of the 32nd Ohio was fired on by secessionists along Shaver’s Fork in Tucker County.

January 6
Captains of nine companies of the 12th Georgia, stationed at Camp Allegheny, filed a written complaint against regimental surgeon Henry K. Green.

January 7
A skirmish at Hanging Rock Pass (also known as Blue's Gap) resulted in a Union force defeating and capturing Confederate prisoners and supplies.

The delegates of the Constitutional Convention signed their names as a commitment to creating the new state.

January 8
A Union detachment commanded by Captain George Latham was ambushed by the Dixie Boys along the Dry Fork of Cheat.

At the Constitutional Convention, delegates discussed officeholders’ salaries, impeachment possibilities, and other general laws.

The Virginia General Assembly adopted a joint resolution to establish joint committee to confer with Confederate authorities to devise military measures to protect residents of western Virginia from invasion.

January 9
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention discussed whether bills in the new state should pass only with a “majority,” like in Virginia, or require two-thirds of the vote to pass.

Colonel Henry Anisansel and five companies of infantry and cavalry returned to Clarksburg after a scouting expedition east of Sutton.

January 10
At the Constitutional Convention, delegates debated how representation would be distributed among the counties with particular attention to ensuring equality between counties with large and small populations.

The Congress of the Confederate States of America passed a resolution thanking Col. Edward Johnson and troops for services in the December Battle of Alleghany Mountain.

January 11
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention debated the mechanics of state representation and officials’ term limits.

January 12
Union troops launched an expedition through the Guyandotte Valley to Logan Courthouse.

January 13
Confederate troops under General Thomas J. Jackson captured Romney and Berkeley Springs.

Delegates of the Constitutional Convention continued to debate the number of representatives that the house should contain.

January 14
The Reorganized Government of Virginia General Assembly appropriated $21,684 for completion of the south wing of the Northwestern Lunatic Asylum in Weston, Lewis County.

Representation debates were continued at the Constitutional Convention.

Colonel William L. Jackson assumed command of the Confederate post at Huntersville.

Confederates arrested two Berkeley County residents on the charge of giving information to the enemy at Berkeley Springs on January 3.

January 15
Constitutional Convention delegates discussed how amendments would be made to the new state’s constitution.

Union soldiers from the 37th Ohio Infantry burned the courthouse and other public buildings in Logan.

January 16
Delegates of the Constitutional Convention debated the laws that would govern corporations and liquor sales.

Colonel William L. Jackson delivered a speech to the citizens of Huntersville.

January 17
At the Constitutional Convention, delegates discussed the procedures for forming counties and districts in the new state.

January 18
Constitutional Convention delegates debated how many justices of the peace and magistrates would be allowed in each town and county.

January 19
A Union scouting party was sent to the Dry Fork region in search of Confederate guerrillas.

Two companies of the 58th Virginia reached Huntersville.

January 20
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention discussed term lengths as well as election and appointment procedures for state officials.

January 21
Constitutional Convention delegates debated the court system and the application of fines.

January 22
At the Constitutional Convention, the Committee on Education presented a report that would provide a tax-payer funded school system capable of providing free education for the youth in every county of the new state.

January 23
Debates at the Constitutional Convention focused on the term limits and eligibility of elected officials.

January 24
Proposals for the salaries of judges were debated by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention.

In Kanawha County, a surrendering secessionist who was apprehended by General Cox swore an oath of allegiance to the Restored Government of Virginia and the United States constitution in exchange for bail.

In response to news that Union troops were advancing toward Pack's Ferry, Col. Jenifer of the 8th Virginia Cavalry advanced toward that location.

Local preacher Henry Arbogast and a man named Buzzard were taken in Pocahontas County and shot and killed.

January 25
At the Constitutional Convention, delegates discussed providing financial compensation for their travel expenses.

Stables owned by a Pocahontas County man were burned, reportedly by Union supporters.

A group of citizens from Webster County drove a Union group out of the area and captured horses and supplies.

Officers under Confederate Gen. W. W. Loring stationed at Romney submit a request to be moved to another location.

January 26
Gen. Loring forwards his officers' request with his indorsement.

January 27
Gordon Battelle proposes gradual emancipation at the Constitutional Convention.

Col. Milton J. Ferguson of Wayne County and the 167th Regiment Virginia Militia promised to secure the release of a Union officer or return himself to captivity in Wheeling.

January 28
The tax policies that would fund the new state were at the core of the debates of this day’s session of the Constitutional Convention.

January 29
At the Constitutional Convention, the Committee on the Legislative Department presented a report that called for 18 senate seats and 47 delegates within the house among other proposals.

January 30
Delegates elected to the Constitutional Convention made various changes to the word choice in several lines of the new state’s proposed constitution.

January 31
Delegates of the Constitutional Convention discussed the type of policy that would govern property taxes in the new state.

Undated Events, January 1862


Timeline of West Virginia: Civil War and Statehood

West Virginia Archives and History