Timeline of West Virginia: Civil War and Statehood
December 21, 1863

Wheeling Intelligencer
December 22, 1863

The Ball And Chain. The deserters now in the Athaneum sentenced to hard labor during their term of enlistment, were formed into a wheel-barrow line yesterday, and employed in conveying provisions from the Government store rooms to the prison. To the right leg of each prisoner was attached a heavy ball and chain. It is a most humiliating thing to wear this ornament, and the scene affords a forcible warning to deserters.

Timeline of West Virginia: Civil War and Statehood: December 1863

West Virginia Archives and History